Neckar was a German car maker from 1957 to 1971, which produced Fiat and Autobianchi autos beneath license in Heilbronn.
NSU had marketed its Heilbronn factory (close to the river Neckar) in 1929 to Fiat due to the economic crisis. Fiat started off to generate beneath license Fiat Topolinos and Balillas in this manufacturing unit underneath the brand name NSU-Fiat (at the identical time, the exact autos have been produced underneath license in France by SIMCA-Fiat).
In 1957, NSU determined to restart the output of staff cars and trucks, and asked to this Fiat licensee to modify its title, and as a result NSU-Fiat turned Neckar. Neckar was creating much less than 25,000 vehicles a year, Fiat 500 (Neckar Weinsberg), 600 (Neckar Jagst) and 1100 (Neckar Europa) somewhat modified, generally far more lavish and sporty than the Fiat made in Turin.
The launch of the Fiat 1500 in 1961 and of the Neckar Panorama (derived from the Autobianchi Panoramica) allowed Neckar to attain a annually creation of 50,000 units in 1962. A great coupe derived from the 1500 and identified as the Neckar Mistral was designed. A coupe and a convertible centered on the Fiat 600 was created as the Neckar Riviera. The Fiat 850 (as the Neckar Adria) was the final design produced by Neckar.
The superior cost of the German workforce (in contrast to the Italian 1) doomed Neckar. Fiat refused to offer the license of the new Fiat 124, 125 and 128 to Neckar. Generation of Neckar slowed down from 1963. 50,000 cars ended up created in 1962, down to 44,000 models in 1963, 22,000 in 1964, 18,000 in 1967 and 12,000 in 1970. Neckar closed in 1971 obtaining produced 370,000 cars in complete.
(textual content resource: Wikipedia)